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Proceedings Paper

Hybrid approach combining contextual and statistical information for identifying MEDLINE citation terms
Author(s): In Cheol Kim; Daniel X. Le; George R. Thoma
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Paper Abstract

There is a strong demand for developing automated tools for extracting pertinent information from the biomedical literature that is a rich, complex, and dramatically growing resource, and is increasingly accessed via the web. This paper presents a hybrid method based on contextual and statistical information to automatically identify two MEDLINE citation terms: NIH grant numbers and databank accession numbers from HTML-formatted online biomedical documents. Their detection is challenging due to many variations and inconsistencies in their format (although recommended formats exist), and also because of their similarity to other technical or biological terms. Our proposed method first extracts potential candidates for these terms using a rule-based method. These are scored and the final candidates are submitted to a human operator for verification. The confidence score for each term is calculated using statistical information, and morphological and contextual information. Experiments conducted on more than ten thousand HTML-formatted online biomedical documents show that most NIH grant numbers and databank accession numbers can be successfully identified by the proposed method, with recall rates of 99.8% and 99.6%, respectively. However, owing to the high false alarm rate, the proposed method yields F-measure rates of 86.6% and 87.9% for NIH grants and databanks, respectively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 January 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6815, Document Recognition and Retrieval XV, 68150X (28 January 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.766660
Show Author Affiliations
In Cheol Kim, National Library of Medicine (United States)
Daniel X. Le, National Library of Medicine (United States)
George R. Thoma, National Library of Medicine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6815:
Document Recognition and Retrieval XV
Berrin A. Yanikoglu; Kathrin Berkner, Editor(s)

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