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Proceedings Paper

Image analysis of hyperspectral and multispectral data using projection pursuit
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Paper Abstract

Given recent advancements of modern hyperspectral (HS) sensors, the potential for information extraction has increased drastically given the continual improvements in spatial and spectral resolution. As a result, more sophisticated feature extraction and target detection (TD) algorithms are needed to improve the performance of the image analyst, whether computer-based or human. In this paper, a novel TD algorithm based on Projection Pursuit (PP) is proposed and implemented. PP is a well-known technique for dimensionality reduction in multi-band data sets without loss of any critical information. This technique highlights different features of interest in an image, thus improving and simplifying subsequent anomaly detection. The new target detection technique is based on a hybrid of PP and Reed_Xiaoli (RX) anomaly detector. In this study, the combining of PP with the RX detector (PPRX) adds some extra value to the standard RX detection technique and leads the development of a TD method that can be applied on hyperspectral/multispectral (MS) data sets. This novel technique, after being trained by using the Projection Index (PI) and a priori information of target of interest, utilizes RX detector to evaluate each potential projection. The main drawback of previously introduced PP methods such as those based on Information Divergence and Kurtosis/Skewness is that these techniques are sensitive to statistical outliers and cannot be used to highlight a specific target of interest. This study uses three data sets: (1) 4-band IKONOS multispectral data (2) 210-band HYDICE, and (3) 200-band simulated hyperspectral data set.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 January 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6809, Visualization and Data Analysis 2008, 68090D (28 January 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.766621
Show Author Affiliations
Nilofar Azizi, Univ. of New Brunswick (Canada)
Julian Meng, Univ. of New Brunswick (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6809:
Visualization and Data Analysis 2008
Katy Börner; Matti T. Gröhn; Jinah Park; Jonathan C. Roberts, Editor(s)

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