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Proceedings Paper

Improved linearity using harmonic error rejection in a full-field range imaging system
Author(s): Andrew D. Payne; Adrian A. Dorrington; Michael J. Cree; Dale A. Carnegie
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Paper Abstract

Full field range imaging cameras are used to simultaneously measure the distance for every pixel in a given scene using an intensity modulated illumination source and a gain modulated receiver array. The light is reflected from an object in the scene, and the modulation envelope experiences a phase shift proportional to the target distance. Ideally the waveforms are sinusoidal, allowing the phase, and hence object range, to be determined from four measurements using an arctangent function. In practice these waveforms are often not perfectly sinusoidal, and in some cases square waveforms are instead used to simplify the electronic drive requirements. The waveforms therefore commonly contain odd harmonics which contribute a nonlinear error to the phase determination, and therefore an error in the range measurement. We have developed a unique sampling method to cancel the effect of these harmonics, with the results showing an order of magnitude improvement in the measurement linearity without the need for calibration or lookup tables, while the acquisition time remains unchanged. The technique can be applied to existing range imaging systems without having to change or modify the complex illumination or sensor systems, instead only requiring a change to the signal generation and timing electronics.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 February 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6805, Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications 2008, 68050D (25 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.765930
Show Author Affiliations
Andrew D. Payne, Univ. of Waikato (New Zealand)
Adrian A. Dorrington, Univ. of Waikato (New Zealand)
Michael J. Cree, Univ. of Waikato (New Zealand)
Dale A. Carnegie, Victoria Univ. of Wellington (New Zealand)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6805:
Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications 2008
Brian D. Corner; Masaaki Mochimaru; Robert Sitnik, Editor(s)

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