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Proceedings Paper

Nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines in the femtosecond, nanosecond, and cw excitation regimes
Author(s): R. Sai Santosh Kumar; S. Venugopal Rao; L. Giribabu; D. Narayana Rao
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Paper Abstract

We present our results of nonlinear optical properties of 2(3), 9(10), 16(17), 23(24) tetra tert-butyl phthalocyanine (pc1) and 2(3), 9(10),16(17), 23(24) tetra tert-butyl Zinc phthalocyanine (pc2) studied in solution using Z-scan technique with 800 nm, 100 fsec pulses, 532 nm, 6 nsec pulses and 633 nm continuous wave (cw) laser excitation. Femtosecond open-aperture Z-scan data revealed these molecules exhibited strong 3PA coefficient (α3). The estimated value of α3 was ~9.1 × 10-5 and ~9.5 × 10-5 cm3/GW2 for pc1 and pc2 respectively. Nanosecond open aperture Z-scan studies indicated the presence of strong nonlinear absorption with effective coefficients (α2) of ~310 and ~420 cm/GW for pc1 and pc2 respectively which are at least two orders higher than the recently reported phthalocyanines. These phthalocyanines also exhibited strong optical limiting properties with nsec excitation with recorded limiting thresholds of ~0.45 J/cm2. We observed large nonlinear response in the cw regime at 633 nm. The performance of these alkyl phthalocyanines in various time domains vis-à-vis recently reported phthalocyanines is discussed in detail.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 February 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6875, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications VII, 68751D (13 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.761815
Show Author Affiliations
R. Sai Santosh Kumar, Univ. of Hyderabad (India)
S. Venugopal Rao, Univ. of Hyderabad (India)
L. Giribabu, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (India)
D. Narayana Rao, Univ. of Hyderabad (India)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6875:
Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications VII
Peter E. Powers, Editor(s)

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