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Proceedings Paper

Advances in photonics thermal management and packaging materials
Author(s): Carl Zweben
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Paper Abstract

Heat dissipation, thermal stresses, and cost are key packaging design issues for virtually all semiconductors, including photonic applications such as diode lasers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), solid state lighting, photovoltaics, displays, projectors, detectors, sensors and laser weapons. Heat dissipation and thermal stresses affect performance and reliability. Copper, aluminum and conventional polymeric printed circuit boards (PCBs) have high coefficients of thermal expansion, which can cause high thermal stresses. Most traditional low-coefficient-of-thermal-expansion (CTE) materials like tungsten/copper, which date from the mid 20th century, have thermal conductivities that are no better than those of aluminum alloys, about 200 W/m-K. There are an increasing number of low-CTE materials with thermal conductivities ranging between that of copper (400 W/m-K) and 1700 W/m-K, and many other new low-CTE materials with lower thermal conductivities. An important benefit of low-CTE materials is that they allow use of hard solders. Some advanced materials are low cost. Others have the potential to be low cost in high-volume production. High-thermal-conductivity materials enable higher power levels, potentially reducing the number of required devices. Advanced thermal materials can constrain PCB CTE and greatly increase thermal conductivity. This paper reviews traditional packaging materials and advanced thermal management materials. The latter provide the packaging engineer with a greater range of options than in the past. Topics include properties, status, applications, cost, using advanced materials to fix manufacturing problems, and future directions, including composites reinforced with carbon nanotubes and other thermally conductive materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 February 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6899, Photonics Packaging, Integration, and Interconnects VIII, 689918 (8 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.761748
Show Author Affiliations
Carl Zweben, Advanced Thermal Materials Consultant (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6899:
Photonics Packaging, Integration, and Interconnects VIII
Alexei L. Glebov; Ray T. Chen, Editor(s)

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