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Proceedings Paper

Tutorial on optical metropolitan networks: packet format, MAC protocols, and quality of service
Author(s): Tülin Atmaca; Viet Hung Nguyen; Daniel Popa
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Paper Abstract

The unprecedented proliferation of packet-based services such as numerical television, video on demand, is pushing Metropolitan Area Networks (MANs) providers to reconsider their network infrastructures. The existing circuit-based networks are becoming inefficient and costly in supporting the new requirements in terms of quality of service and bandwidth of sporadic packet-based traffic. To solve this problem, new MAN infrastructures are needed. Many propositions of new network solutions were made during the last decade in order to respond to the aforementioned issues, such as Next Generation SONET/SDH, Resilient Packet Ring (RPR). Among others, the optical networking technology appears as a technology of choice for the next generation MANs. The main benefit of optical technology can be resumed in the following terms: huge transmission capacity, high reliability, and high availability. This paper is devoted to provide an overview of the MAN infrastructure, and particularly to its evolution towards optical packet switching (OPS) networks, during the last decades. It also highlights performance issues in optical networking in metro area in terms of optical packet format, medium access control (MAC) protocol and quality of service (QoS), as well as traffic engineering issues. We first begin with a brief state-of-the-art and perspective on optical networking in metropolitan area. Next, we provide the necessary arguments for an answer to the problem of the choice of packet format (fixed format versus variable format) to be adopted in future metropolitan optical packet switching networks. Comparison of different optical packet formats at the electronic to optical (E/O) interface is carried out, followed by the analysis of the impact of optical packet format choices on overall network performance. Then, we explore the performance issue at MAC layer and discuss improvement mechanisms for MAC protocol. Here, fairness and bandwidth utilization issues are specifically investigated. Finally, we discuss about how to guarantee QoS in optical packet switching OPS metro networks, illustrated by a few mechanisms allowing the transport of TDM traffic over packet switching networks (e.g., Circuit Emulation Service - CES).

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 November 2007
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 6783, Optical Transmission, Switching, and Subsystems V, 67830E (19 November 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.753604
Show Author Affiliations
Tülin Atmaca, Institut National des Télécommunications (France)
Viet Hung Nguyen, Institut National des Télécommunications (France)
Daniel Popa, Institut National des Télécommunications (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6783:
Optical Transmission, Switching, and Subsystems V
Dominique Chiaroni; Wanyi Gu; Ken-ichi Kitayama; Chang-Soo Park, Editor(s)

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