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Proceedings Paper

Salvaging of nuclear waste by nuclear-optical converters
Author(s): A. V. Karelin; R. V. Shirokov
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Paper Abstract

In modern conditions of power consumption growing in Russia, apparently, it is difficult to find alternative to further development of nuclear power engineering. The negative party of nuclear power engineering is the spent fuel of nuclear reactors (radioactive waste). The gaseous and fluid radioactive waste furbished of highly active impurity, dumps in atmosphere or pools. The highly active fluid radioactive waste stores by the way of saline concentrates in special tanks in surface layers of ground, above the level of groundwaters. A firm radioactive waste bury in pods from a stainless steel in underground workings, salt deposits, at the bottom of oceans. However this problem can be esteemed in a positive direction, as irradiation is a hard radiation, which one can be used as a power source in nuclear - optical converters with further conversion of optical radiation into the electric power with the help of photoelectric converters. Thus waste at all do not demand special processing and exposure in temporary storehouses. And the electricity can be worked out in a constant mode within many years practically without gang of a stimulus source, if a level of a residual radioactivity and the half-lives of component are high enough.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 July 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6733, International Conference on Lasers, Applications, and Technologies 2007: Environmental Monitoring and Ecological Applications; Optical Sensors in Biological, Chemical, and Engineering Technologies; and Femtosecond Laser Pulse Filamentation, 67330Y (27 July 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.753140
Show Author Affiliations
A. V. Karelin, N.V. Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation (Russia)
R. V. Shirokov, N.V. Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation (Russia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6733:
International Conference on Lasers, Applications, and Technologies 2007: Environmental Monitoring and Ecological Applications; Optical Sensors in Biological, Chemical, and Engineering Technologies; and Femtosecond Laser Pulse Filamentation

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