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Proceedings Paper

Wavelet-based SAR images despeckling using joint hidden Markov model
Author(s): Qiaoliang Li; Guoyou Wang; Jianguo Liu; Shaobo Chen
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Paper Abstract

In the past few years, wavelet-domain hidden Markov models have proven to be useful tools for statistical signal and image processing. The hidden Markov tree (HMT) model captures the key features of the joint probability density of the wavelet coefficients of real-world data. One potential drawback to the HMT framework is the deficiency for taking account of intrascale correlations that exist among neighboring wavelet coefficients. In this paper, we propose to develop a joint hidden Markov model by fusing the wavelet Bayesian denoising technique with an image regularization procedure based on HMT and Markov random field (MRF). The Expectation Maximization algorithm is used to estimate hyperparameters and specify the mixture model. The noise-free wavelet coefficients are finally estimated by a shrinkage function based on local weighted averaging of the Bayesian estimator. It is shown that the joint method outperforms lee filter and standard HMT techniques in terms of the integrative measure of the equivalent number of looks (ENL) and Pratt's figure of merit(FOM), especially when dealing with speckle noise in large variance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 November 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6787, MIPPR 2007: Multispectral Image Processing, 678710 (15 November 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.749034
Show Author Affiliations
Qiaoliang Li, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Guoyou Wang, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Jianguo Liu, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Shaobo Chen, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6787:
MIPPR 2007: Multispectral Image Processing
Henri Maître; Hong Sun; Jianguo Liu; Enmin Song, Editor(s)

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