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Proceedings Paper

Improvement of mask CD uniformity for below 45-nm node technology
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Paper Abstract

According to device shrinkage, pattern load, layout geometry and process induced critical dimension (CD) trend are the most important factors deciding mask CD uniformity in a mask manufacturing process. The CD distribution is generally divided by two categories - contribution of pattern load and process induced CD distribution. Etch bias uniformity on a mask is one of the decisive contributors at a standpoint of pattern load. The signature of etch bias uniformity totally depends on the pattern load in a mask. In a low pattern load, etch bias uniformity shows a radial signature which is geometrically distributed regardless of pattern position. In a high pattern load, etch loading effect becomes dominant. The pattern load, however, can have various definitions, which means that a criterion of low and high pattern load can be obscure. Specific layouts which have same pattern load over mask but separated region of low and high load pattern in one mask was designed to specify the effect of pattern load. The radial CD signature is mitigated as pattern load increases locally. At the same time, etch loading trend grows and dominates total CD uniformity. The radial signature and etch loading trend have inverse signs on central region which enables to compensate each signature. Therefore a specific pattern load which can make etch bias uniformity minimized can exist. "Transition pattern load" is detected here. One can use this specific pattern load as an indicator to specify design categories for mass production. In addition, geometry of layout should be considered to achieve uniformity number required in 45nm node technology. In high pattern load over transition pattern load, etch bias shows saddle shape uniformity. Since the saddle shape uniformity is uncorrectable with conventional etch loading kernel, new correction model should be considered to meet the confined CD specification in future device nodes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 October 2007
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6730, Photomask Technology 2007, 67302Z (30 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.746810
Show Author Affiliations
Hojune Lee, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Seokjong Bae, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Junghoon Park, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Dongseok Nam, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Byunggook Kim, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Sang-Gyun Woo, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
HanKu Cho, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (South Korea)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6730:
Photomask Technology 2007
Robert J. Naber; Hiroichi Kawahira, Editor(s)

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