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Proceedings Paper

Optimizing spatial filters with kernel methods for BCI applications
Author(s): Jiacai Zhang; Jianjun Tang; Li Yao
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Paper Abstract

Brain Computer Interface (BCI) is a communication or control system in which the user's messages or commands do not depend on the brain's normal output channels. The key step of BCI technology is to find a reliable method to detect the particular brain signals, such as the alpha, beta and mu components in EEG/ECOG trials, and then translate it into usable control signals. In this paper, our objective is to introduce a novel approach that is able to extract the discriminative pattern from the non-stationary EEG signals based on the common spatial patterns(CSP) analysis combined with kernel methods. The basic idea of our Kernel CSP method is performing a nonlinear form of CSP by the use of kernel methods that can efficiently compute the common and distinct components in high dimensional feature spaces related to input space by some nonlinear map. The algorithm described here is tested off-line with dataset I from the BCI Competition 2005. Our experiments show that the spatial filters employed with kernel CSP can effectively extract discriminatory information from single-trial EGOG recorded during imagined movements. The high recognition of linear discriminative rates and computational simplicity of "Kernel Trick" make it a promising method for BCI systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6790, MIPPR 2007: Remote Sensing and GIS Data Processing and Applications; and Innovative Multispectral Technology and Applications, 67903V (14 November 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.743539
Show Author Affiliations
Jiacai Zhang, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)
Jianjun Tang, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)
Li Yao, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6790:
MIPPR 2007: Remote Sensing and GIS Data Processing and Applications; and Innovative Multispectral Technology and Applications

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