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Proceedings Paper

Irradiation of biological tissue using pulsed lasers: results and applications in medical areas
Author(s): Alejandra Mina-Rosales; Gerardo Romo-Cárdenas; Santiago Camacho-López; Francisco E. Pérez-Gutiérrez; Guillermo Aguilar; Lorena León-Camargo; Karina Patricia Esparza-Moreno
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Paper Abstract

Our work presents a study of the physical phenomena produced in biological-tissue irradiated by pulsed lasers. It is of special interest to us to apply short (Nd:YAG, 5ns) and ultrashort (Ti:Sapphire, 90fs) laser pulses into biological-tissue samples in order to study and understand the interaction features. These laser pulses posses interaction features with tissue that could offer, depending on the pulse parameters, good advantages for medical applications; such features include free heat laser pulse-tissue interaction and excellent mechanical damage confinement. This study was carried out in porcine corneal tissue and biological-tissue models made by agar gel layers combined with organic dye, which allowed us to emulate vascular tissue. The main objective of our study is to understand photo-induced thermal effects and bubble formation in biological-tissue irradiated by short and ultrashort laser pulses. Our results on corneal tissue showed a good potential for novel ophthalmic applications, especially in refractive surgery. In the case of the agar gel biological-tissue models, similar results can be applied in dermatology in order to remove port wine stain or other similar birthmarks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 May 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6422, Sixth Symposium Optics in Industry, 642202 (16 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.742272
Show Author Affiliations
Alejandra Mina-Rosales, CICESE (Mexico)
Gerardo Romo-Cárdenas, CICESE (Mexico)
CETyS Univ. (Mexico)
Santiago Camacho-López, CICESE (Mexico)
Francisco E. Pérez-Gutiérrez, Univ. of California, Riverside (United States)
Guillermo Aguilar, Univ. of California, Riverside (United States)
Lorena León-Camargo, Univ. Autónoma de Baja California (Mexico)
Karina Patricia Esparza-Moreno, Univ. Autónoma de Baja California (Mexico)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6422:
Sixth Symposium Optics in Industry
Julio C. Gutiérrez-Vega; Josué Dávila-Rodríguez; Carlos López-Mariscal, Editor(s)

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