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Proceedings Paper

Marker and pen graffiti cleaning on diverse calcareous stones by different laser techniques
Author(s): S. E. Andriani; I. M. Catalano; G. Daurelio; A. Albanese
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Paper Abstract

Industries nowadays continuously produce new types of inks for markers and pens, so new different graffiti appear . In this paper laser cleaning tests on 41 new marker and pen types ( fluorescent, permanent, water-based, acrylic tempera, metallic paint, waterproof inks ), applied into laboratory on different litho- type samples (Chianca, Travertino di Roma, Tufo Carparo fine grain, Sabbie), typical stones employed in much more monuments in Puglia and Italian architectures were carried out. The same ones, were exposed for twelve months to outdoor ageing, subject to sunshine, rain, wind, IR and UV solar radiations. Ablation experiments and tests by using different cleaning techniques, each one in Dry and Wet condition (classic technique, Daurelio technique 1 and Daurelio technique 2 and others new techniques) and two different Nd:YAG laser systems (Palladio by QUANTA SYSTEM and SMART CLEAN II by EL.EN.), were adopted. The experimental modes, N-Mode (1064nm - 150, 300 and 500 &mgr;s pulse duration), Q-Switch (1064nm - 8 ns pulse duration) and SFR (Short Free Running - 1064 nm - 40 to 110&mgr;s pulse duration) were tested on each marked stones. It was found that according to the different ink types and stone substrate, Q-Switch laser cleaning ablation with optimized laser technique are the best solution to marker an pen graffiti removal. The work is still in progress.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 April 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6346, XVI International Symposium on Gas Flow, Chemical Lasers, and High-Power Lasers, 634636 (26 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.739334
Show Author Affiliations
S. E. Andriani, Univ. of Bari (Italy)
CNISM, Univ. and Polytechnic of Bari (Italy)
I. M. Catalano, Univ. of Bari (Italy)
CNISM, Univ. and Polytechnic of Bari (Italy)
G. Daurelio, CNISM, Univ. and Polytechnic of Bari (Italy)
A. Albanese, Univ. of Bari (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6346:
XVI International Symposium on Gas Flow, Chemical Lasers, and High-Power Lasers

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