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Proceedings Paper

Spectrally narrowed edge emission from leaky waveguide modes in OLEDs
Author(s): Z. Q. Gan; Y. Tian; D. W. Lynch; Ji-hun Kang; Q-Han Park; J. Shinar
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Paper Abstract

A dramatic spectral line narrowing of the edge-emission, at room temperature, from tris(quinolinolate) Al (Alq3), N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(1-naphthylphenyl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (NPD), 4,4'-bis(2,2'-diphenyl- vinyl)-1,1'- biphenyl (DPVBi), and some guest-host small molecular OLEDs, fabricated on ITO-coated glass, is described. In all but the DPVBi OLEDs, the narrowed emission band emerges above a threshold thickness of the emitting layer, and narrows down to a full width at half maximum of only 5 - 10 nm. The results demonstrate that this narrowed emission is due to irregular waveguide modes that leak from the ITO to the glass substrate at a grazing angle. While measurements of variable stripe length (l) devices exhibit an apparent weak optical gain, there is no observable threshold current or bias associated with this spectral narrowing. It is suspected that the apparent weak optical gain is due to misalignment of the axis of the waveguided mode and the axis of the collection lens of the probe, but it is not clear if such a misalignment can account for the for the observed evolution of the edge emission spectra with l.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 October 2007
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 6655, Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XI, 66550K (16 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.739247
Show Author Affiliations
Z. Q. Gan, Iowa State Univ. (United States)
Y. Tian, Iowa State Univ. (United States)
D. W. Lynch, Iowa State Univ. (United States)
Ji-hun Kang, Korea Univ. (South Korea)
Q-Han Park, Korea Univ. (South Korea)
J. Shinar, Iowa State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6655:
Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XI
Zakya H. Kafafi; Franky So, Editor(s)

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