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Proceedings Paper

Heat assisted magnetic recording with a fully integrated recording head
Author(s): Michael A. Seigler; William A. Challener; Edward Gage; Nils Gokemeijer; Bin Lu; Kalman Pelhos; Chubing Peng; Robert E. Rottmayer; Xiaomin Yang; Hua Zhou; Xiaobin Zhu; Tim Rausch
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Paper Abstract

Scaling the areal density, while maintaining a proper balance between media signal-to-noise, thermal stability and writability will soon require an alternative recording technology. Heat Assisted Magnetic Recording (HAMR) can achieve this balance by allowing high anisotropy media to be written by heating the media during the writing process (e.g. by laser light) to temporarily lower the anisotropy. Three major challenges of designing a HAMR head that tightly focuses light and collocates it with the magnetic field are discussed: 1) Magnetic Field Delivery, 2)Optical Delivery, and 3) Integration of Magnetic & Optical Field Delivery Components. Thousands of these HAMR heads were built into sliders and HGAs, and optical and scanning electron micrograph images are shown. Scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) characterization of the HAMR head shows that the predicted ~λ/4 full-width half-maximum (FWHM) spot size can be achieved using 488 nm light (124 nm was achieved). SNOM images also show that wafer level fabricated apertures were able to effectively eliminate sidelobes from the focused spot intensity profile. An MFM image of HAMR media shows that Non-HAMR (laser power off) was not able to write transitions in the HAMR specific media even at very high write currents, but transitions could be written using HAMR (laser power on), even at lower write currents. A cross-track profile is shown for a fully integrated HAMR head where the magnetic pole physical width is ~350 nm, but the written track is ~200nm, which demonstrates HAMR. A HAMR optimization contour shows that there is an optimum write current and laser power and that simply going to the highest write current and laser power does not lead to the best recording. Lastly, some prospects for advancing HAMR are given and a few key problems to be solved are mentioned.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 July 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6620, Optical Data Storage 2007, 66200P (11 July 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.738903
Show Author Affiliations
Michael A. Seigler, Seagate Research (United States)
William A. Challener, Seagate Research (United States)
Edward Gage, Seagate Research (United States)
Nils Gokemeijer, Seagate Research (United States)
Bin Lu, Seagate Research (United States)
Kalman Pelhos, Seagate Research (United States)
Chubing Peng, Seagate Research (United States)
Robert E. Rottmayer, Seagate Research (United States)
Xiaomin Yang, Seagate Research (United States)
Hua Zhou, Seagate Research (United States)
Xiaobin Zhu, Seagate Research (United States)
Tim Rausch, Seagate Research (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6620:
Optical Data Storage 2007

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