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Proceedings Paper

Change detection in urban scenes by fusion of SAR and hyperspectral data
Author(s): Dirk Borghys; Michal Shimoni; Christiaan Perneel
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Paper Abstract

Urban areas are rapidly changing all over the world and therefore provoke the necessity to update urban maps frequently. Remote sensing has been used for many years to monitor these changes. The urban scene is characterized by a very high complexity, containing objects formed from different types of man-made materials as well as natural vegetation. Hyperspectral sensors provide the capability to map the surface materials present in the scene using their spectra and therefore to identify the main object classes in the scene in a relatively easy manner. However ambiguities persist where different types of objects are constructed of the same material. This is for instance the case for roads and roof covers. Although higher-level image processing (e.g. spatial reasoning) might be able to relief some of these constraints, this task is far from straight forward. In the current paper the authors fused information gathered using a hyperspectral sensor with that of high-resolution polarimetric SAR data. SAR data give information about the type of scattering backscatter from an object in the scene, its geometry and its dielectric properties. Therefore, the information obtained using the SAR processing is complementary to that obtained using hyperspectral data. This research was applied on a dataset consisting of hyperspectral data from the HyMAP sensor (126 channels in VIS-SWIR) and E-SAR data which consists of fullpolarimetric L-band and dual-polarisation (HH and VV) X-band data. Two supervised classifications are used; 'Logistic Regression' (LR) which applied to the SAR and the PolSAR data and a 'Matched Filter' which is applied to the hyperspectral data. The results of the classification are fused in order to improve the mapping of the main classes in the scene and were compared to a ground truth map that was constructed by combining a digital topographic map and a vectorized cadastral map of the research area. An adequate change detection of man-made objects in urban scenes was obtained by the fusion of features derived from SAR, PolSAR and hyperspectral data.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 November 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6749, Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology VII, 67490R (12 November 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.738767
Show Author Affiliations
Dirk Borghys, Royal Belgian Military Academy (Belgium)
Michal Shimoni, Royal Belgian Military Academy (Belgium)
Christiaan Perneel, Royal Belgian Military Academy (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6749:
Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology VII
Manfred Ehlers; Ulrich Michel, Editor(s)

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