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Proceedings Paper

Chiral fiber gratings: perspectives and challenges for sensing applications
Author(s): Victor I. Kopp; Victor M. Churikov; Guoyin Zhang; Jonathan Singer; Christopher W. Draper; Norman Chao; Daniel Neugroschl; Azriel Z. Genack
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Paper Abstract

Chiral fiber gratings are produced in a microforming process in which optical fibers with noncircular or nonconcentric cores are twisted as they pass though a miniature oven. Periodic glass structures as stable as the glass material itself are produced with helical pitch that ranges from under a micron to hundreds of microns. The geometry of the fiber cross section determines the symmetry of the resulting structure which in turn determines its polarization selectivity. Single helix structures are polarization insensitive while double helix gratings interact only with a single optical polarization. Both single and double helix gratings may act as a fiber long period grating, coupling the core and cladding modes. The coupling is manifested in a series of narrow dips in the transmission spectrum. The dip position is sensitive to fiber elongation, twist and temperature, and to the refractive index of the surrounding medium. The suitability of chiral gratings for sensing pressure, temperature and liquid levels is investigated. Polarization insensitive single helix silica glass gratings display excellent stability up to temperatures of 600°C, while a pressure sensor with dynamic range of nearly 40 dB is demonstrated in polarization selective double helix gratings.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 July 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6619, Third European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors, 66190B (2 July 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.738344
Show Author Affiliations
Victor I. Kopp, Chiral Photonics, Inc. (United States)
Victor M. Churikov, Chiral Photonics, Inc. (United States)
Guoyin Zhang, Chiral Photonics, Inc. (United States)
Jonathan Singer, Chiral Photonics, Inc. (United States)
Christopher W. Draper, Chiral Photonics, Inc. (United States)
Norman Chao, Chiral Photonics, Inc. (United States)
Daniel Neugroschl, Chiral Photonics, Inc. (United States)
Azriel Z. Genack, Chiral Photonics, Inc. (United States)
Queens College of CUNY (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6619:
Third European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors

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