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Proceedings Paper

Unsupervised SAR images change detection with hidden Markov chains on a sliding window
Author(s): Zied Bouyahia; Lamia Benyoussef; Stéphane Derrode
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Paper Abstract

This work deals with unsupervised change detection in bi-date Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images. Whatever the indicator of change used, e.g. log-ratio or Kullback-Leibler divergence, we have observed poor quality change maps for some events when using the Hidden Markov Chain (HMC) model we focus on in this work. The main reason comes from the stationary assumption involved in this model − and in most Markovian models such as Hidden Markov Random Fields−, which can not be justified in most observed scenes: changed areas are not necessarily stationary in the image. Besides the few non stationary Markov models proposed in the literature, the aim of this paper is to describe a pragmatic solution to tackle stationarity by using a sliding window strategy. In this algorithm, the criterion image is scanned pixel by pixel, and a classical HMC model is applied only on neighboring pixels. By moving the window through the image, the process is able to produce a change map which can better exhibit non stationary changes than the classical HMC applied directly on the whole criterion image. Special care is devoted to the estimation of the number of classes in each window, which can vary from one (no change) to three (positive change, negative change and no change) by using the corrected Akaike Information Criterion (AICc) suited to small samples. The quality assessment of the proposed approach is achieved with speckle-simulated images in which simulated changes is introduced. The windowed strategy is also evaluated with a pair of RADARSAT images bracketing the Nyiragongo volcano eruption event in January 2002. The available ground truth confirms the effectiveness of the proposed approach compared to a classical HMC-based strategy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 October 2007
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6748, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIII, 674816 (26 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.737313
Show Author Affiliations
Zied Bouyahia, The Univ. of Manouba (Tunisia)
Lamia Benyoussef, Ecole Centrale Marseille (France)
Stéphane Derrode, Ecole Nationale Superieure (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6748:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIII
Lorenzo Bruzzone, Editor(s)

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