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Proceedings Paper

Development of finer spatial resolution optical properties from MODIS
Author(s): S. D. Ladner; J. C. Sandidge; P. E. Lyon; R. A. Arnone; R. W. Gould; Z. P. Lee; P. M. Martinolich
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Paper Abstract

Typical MODIS ocean color products are at 1 kilometer (km) spatial resolution, although two 250 meter (m) and five 500 m bands are also available on the sensor. We couple these higher resolution bands with the 1km bands to produce pseudo-250m resolution MODIS bio-optical properties. Finer resolution bio-optical products from space significantly improve our capability for monitoring coastal ocean and estuarine processes. Additionally, increased resolution is required for validation of ocean color products in coastal regions due to the shorter spatial scales of coastal processes and greater variability compared to open-ocean regions. Using the 250m bands coupled with the 1km and 500m bands (which are bi-linearly interpolated to 250m resolution), we estimate remote sensing reflectances (Rrs) at 250m resolution following atmospheric correction. The aerosol correction makes use of the 1km near infrared (NIR) bands at 748 nanometers (nm) and 869 nm to determine aerosol type and concentration. The water leaving radiances in the NIR bands are modeled from retrieved water leaving radiances in the visible bands using the short wave infrared (SWIR) channels at 1240 nm and 2130 nm. The increased resolution spectral Rrs channels are input into bio-optical algorithms (Quasi-Analytical Algorithm (QAA), Water Mass Classification, OC2, etc.) that have traditionally used the 1 km reflectances resulting in finer resolution products. Finer resolution bio-optical properties are demonstrated in bays, estuaries, and coastal regions providing new capabilities for MODIS applications in coastal areas. The finer resolution products of total absorption (at), phytoplankton absorption (aph), Color-Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) absorption (ag) and backscattering (bb) are compared with the 1km products and in situ observations. We demonstrate that finer resolution is required for validation of coastal products in order to improve match ups of in situ data with the high spatial variability of satellite properties in coastal regions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6680, Coastal Ocean Remote Sensing, 668013 (5 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.736845
Show Author Affiliations
S. D. Ladner, Planning Systems, Inc. (United States)
J. C. Sandidge, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
P. E. Lyon, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
R. A. Arnone, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
R. W. Gould, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Z. P. Lee, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
P. M. Martinolich, Naval Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6680:
Coastal Ocean Remote Sensing
Robert J. Frouin; ZhongPing Lee, Editor(s)

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