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Proceedings Paper

Application of multispectral remote sensing techniques for dismissed mine sites monitoring and rehabilitation
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Paper Abstract

Mining activities, expecially those operated in open air (open pit), present a deep impact on the sourrondings. Such an impact, and the related problems, are directly related to the correct operation of the activities, and usually strongly interact with the environment. Impact can be mainly related to the following issues: high volumes of handled material, ii) generation of dust, noise and vibrations, water pollution, visual impact and, finally, mining area recovery at the end of exploitation activities. All these aspects can be considered very important, and must be properly evaluated and monitored. Environmental impact control is usually carried out during and after the end of the mining activities, adopting methods related to the detection, collection, analysis of specific environmental indicators and with their further comparison with reference thresholding values stated by official regulations. Aim of the study was to investigate, and critically evaluate, the problems related to development of an integrated set of procedures based on the collection and the analysis of remote sensed data in order to evaluate the effect of rehabilitation of land contaminated by extractive industry activities. Starting from the results of these analyses, a monitoring and registration of the environmental impact of such operations was performed by the application and the integration of modern information technologies, as the previous mentioned Earth Observation (EO), with Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The study was developed with reference to different dismissed mine sites in India, Thailand and China. The results of the study have been utilized as input for the construction of a knowledge based decision support system finalized to help in the identification of the appropriate rehabilitation technologies for all those dismissed area previously interested by extractive industry activities. The work was financially supported within the framework of the Project ASIA IT&C - CN/ASIA IT&C/006 (89870) Extract-It "Application of Information Technologies for the Sustainable Management of Extractive Industry Activities" of the European Union.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 October 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6761, Optics for Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Foods II, 676104 (12 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.735810
Show Author Affiliations
Giuseppe Bonifazi, Univ. degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza (Italy)
Silvia Serranti, Univ. degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6761:
Optics for Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Foods II
Yud-Ren Chen; George E. Meyer; Shu-I Tu, Editor(s)

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