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Proceedings Paper

Passive A-band Wind Sounder (PAWS) for measuring tropospheric wind velocity profile
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Paper Abstract

The Passive A-Band Wind Sounder (PAWS) was funded through NASA's Instrument Incubator Program (IIP) to determine the feasibility of measuring tropospheric wind speed profiles from Doppler shifts in absorption O2 A-band. It is being pursued as a low-cost and low-risk alternative capable of providing better wind data than is currently available. The instrument concept is adapted from the Wind Imaging Interferometer (WINDII) sensor on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. The operational concept for PAWS is to view an atmospheric limb over an altitude range from the surface to 20 km with a Doppler interferometer in a sun-synchronous low-earth orbit. Two orthogonal views of the same sampling volume will be used to resolve horizontal winds from measured line-of-sight winds. A breadboard instrument was developed to demonstrate the measurement approach and to optimize the design parameters for the subsequent engineering unit and future flight sensor. The breadboard instrument consists of a telescope, collimator, filter assembly, and Michelson interferometer. The instrument design is guided by a retrieval model, which helps to optimize key parameters, spectral filter and optical path difference in particular.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 September 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6677, Earth Observing Systems XII, 66771C (27 September 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.734184
Show Author Affiliations
Grzegorz Miecznik, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Robert Pierce, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Pei Huang, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Philip A. Slaymaker, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Paul Kaptchen, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Shane Roark, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Brian R. Johnson, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Donald F. Heath, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6677:
Earth Observing Systems XII
James J. Butler; Jack Xiong, Editor(s)

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