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Proceedings Paper

eROSITA
Author(s): P. Predehl; R. Andritschke; W. Bornemann; H. Bräuninger; U. Briel; H. Brunner; W. Burkert; K. Dennerl; J. Eder; M. Freyberg; P. Friedrich; M. Fürmetz; R. Hartmann; G. Hartner; G. Hasinger; S. Herrmann; P. Holl; H. Huber; E. Kendziorra; W. Kink; N. Meidinger; S. Müller; M. Pavlinsky; E. Pfeffermann; C. Rohé; A. Santangelo; J. Schmitt; A. Schwope; M. Steinmetz; L. Strüder; R. Sunyaev; L. Tiedemann; M. Vongehr; J. Wilms; M. Erhard; S. Gutruf; D. Jugler; D. Kampf; R. Graue; O. Citterio; G. Valsecci; D. Vernani; M. Zimmerman
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Paper Abstract

eROSITA (extended ROentgen Survey with an Imaging Telescope Array) will be one of three main instruments on the Russian new Spectrum-RG mission which is planned to be launched in 2011. The other two instruments are the wide field X-ray monitor Lobster (Leicester University, UK) and ART-XC (IKI, Russia), an X-ray telescope working at higher energies up to 30 keV. A fourth instrument, a micro-calorimeter built by a Dutch-Japanese-US collaboration is also in discussion. eROSITA is aiming primarily for the detection of 50-100 thousands Clusters of Galaxies up to redshifts z > 1 in order to study the large scale structure in the Universe and to test cosmological models including the Dark Energy. For the detection of clusters, a large effective area is needed at low energies (< 2 keV). Therefore, eROSITA consists of seven Wolter-I telescope modules. Each mirror module contains 54 Wolter-I shells with an outer diameter of 360 mm. In the focus of each mirror module, a framestore pn-CCD with a size of 3cm × 3cm provides a field of view of 1° in diameter. The mission scenario comprises a wide survey of the complete extragalactic area and a deep survey in the neighborhood of the galactic poles. Both are accomplished by an all-sky survey with an appropriate orientation of the rotation axis of the satellite in order to achieve the deepest exposures in the neighborhood of the galactic poles. A critical issue is the cooling of the cameras which need a working temperature of -80°C. This will be achieved passively by a system of two radiators connected to the cameras by variable conductance heat pipes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 October 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6686, UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XV, 668617 (26 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.733583
Show Author Affiliations
P. Predehl, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
R. Andritschke, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
W. Bornemann, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
H. Bräuninger, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
U. Briel, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
H. Brunner, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
W. Burkert, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
K. Dennerl, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
J. Eder, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
M. Freyberg, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
P. Friedrich, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
M. Fürmetz, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
R. Hartmann, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
G. Hartner, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
G. Hasinger, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
S. Herrmann, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
P. Holl, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
H. Huber, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
E. Kendziorra, Univ. Tübingen (Germany)
W. Kink, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
N. Meidinger, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
S. Müller, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
M. Pavlinsky, Space Research Institute (Russia)
E. Pfeffermann, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
C. Rohé, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
A. Santangelo, Univ. Tübingen (Germany)
J. Schmitt, Univ. Hamburg (Germany)
A. Schwope, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)
M. Steinmetz, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)
L. Strüder, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
R. Sunyaev, Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik (Germany)
L. Tiedemann, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
M. Vongehr, Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
J. Wilms, Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany)
M. Erhard, Kayser-Threde GmbH (Germany)
S. Gutruf, Kayser-Threde GmbH (Germany)
D. Jugler, Kayser-Threde GmbH (Germany)
D. Kampf, Kayser-Threde GmbH (Germany)
R. Graue, Kayser-Threde GmbH (Germany)
O. Citterio, Media Lario Technologies (Italy)
G. Valsecci, Media Lario Technologies (Italy)
D. Vernani, Media Lario Technologies (Italy)
M. Zimmerman, Carl Zeiss Optronics GmbH (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6686:
UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XV
Oswald H.W. Siegmund, Editor(s)

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