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Proceedings Paper

Improving GLM design capabilities with high-fidelity analytic and simulation tools
Author(s): David Down; Susan P. Hagerty; Todd F. Updike
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Paper Abstract

NOAA plans to build a Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) whose objectives are providing continuous, full-disk lightning measurements for storm warning and science applications. Due to limited telemetry bandwidth, much of the detection processing will be done autonomously. Since the contractor is responsible for the autonomously generated output, which is detection reports - not images, we took a design approach that did not stop with a signal to noise calculation but instead simultaneously considers the effects of hardware configurations and algorithm choices. Key requirements for GLM are the probability of detection (PD) and probability of false alarm (PFA). Our approach allows us to provide a system with the best PD and PFA performance and the best value. We have accomplished this by developing an analytical model that can find "knees-in-the curve" in our hardware configuration selections and an algorithm prototype that provides realistic end-to-end performance. These tools allow us to develop an optimal system since we have a good handle on realistic performance prior to launch. Our tools rely on descriptions of lightning phenomena embodied in probability densities we developed for the amplitude, temporal and spatial distribution of lightning optical pulses. The "analytic model" uses tabulated integration formulae and conventional numerical integration to implement an analytical solution for the PD estimate. The average PD is quickly computed, making the analytic model the choice for rapid evaluation of sensor design parameter effects. The "algorithm prototype" utilizes simulation, consisting of data cubes of time elapsed imagery containing lightning pulses and structured backgrounds, and prototyped detection and false alarm mitigation algorithms to estimate PD and PFA. This approach provides realistic performance by accounting for scene spatial structure and apparent motion. We discuss the design and function of these tools and show results indicating the variation of PD and PFA performance with changes in sensor and algorithm parameters and how we use these tools to improve our instrument design capabilities.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2007
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 6677, Earth Observing Systems XII, 66771F (5 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.732152
Show Author Affiliations
David Down, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Susan P. Hagerty, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)
Todd F. Updike, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6677:
Earth Observing Systems XII
James J. Butler; Jack Xiong, Editor(s)

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