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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of MODIS solar diffuser on-orbit degradation
Author(s): X. Xiong; X. Xie; A. Angal; J. Choi; J. Sun; W. L. Barnes
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Paper Abstract

MODIS has 20 reflective solar bands (RSB) that are calibrated on-orbit using a solar diffuser (SD) and a solar diffuser stability monitor (SDSM). The MODIS SD bi-directional reflectance factor (BRF) was characterized pre-launch. Its on-orbit degradation is regularly monitored by the SDSM at wavelengths ranging from 0.41 to 0.94μm. During each SD/SDSM calibration event, the SDSM views alternately the sunlight directly through a fixed attenuation screen and the sunlight diffusely reflected from the SD panel. The time series of SDSM measurements (ratios of the SD view response to the Sun view response) is used to determine the SD BRF degradation at SDSM wavelengths. Since launch Terra MODIS has operated for more than seven years and Aqua for over five years. The SD panel on each MODIS instrument has experienced noticeable degradation with the largest changes observed in the VIS spectral region. This paper provides a brief description of MODIS RSB calibration methodology and SD/SDSM operational activities, and illustrates the SD on-orbit degradation results for both Terra and Aqua MODIS. It also discusses the impact on the SD degradation due to sensor operational activities and SD solar exposure time. Aqua MODIS has been operated under nearly the same condition for more than five years. Its SD annual degradation rate is estimated to be 2.7% at 0.41μm, 1.7% at 0.47μm, and less than 1.0% at wavelengths above 0.53μm. Terra MODIS, on the other hand, has experienced two different SD solar exposure conditions due to an SD door (SDD) operation related anomaly that occurred in May 2003 that had led to a decision to keep the SDD permanently at its "open" position. Prior to this event, Terra MODIS SD degradation rates were very similar to Aqua MODIS. Since then its SD has experienced much faster degradation rates due to more frequent solar exposure.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 September 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6677, Earth Observing Systems XII, 66770O (26 September 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.731304
Show Author Affiliations
X. Xiong, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
X. Xie, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
A. Angal, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
J. Choi, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
J. Sun, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
W. L. Barnes, Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6677:
Earth Observing Systems XII
James J. Butler; Jack Xiong, Editor(s)

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