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Proceedings Paper

High temperature sensing using higher-order-mode rejected sapphire-crystal fiber gratings
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we report the fabrication of higher-order-mode rejected fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in sapphire crystal fiber using infrared (IR) femtosecond laser illumination. The grating is tested in high temperature furnace up to 1600 degree Celsius. As sapphire fiber is only available as highly multimode fiber, a scheme to filter out higher order modes in favor for the fundamental mode is theoretically evaluated and experimentally demonstrated. The approach is to use an ultra thin sapphire crystal fiber (60 micron in diameter) to decrease the number of modes. The small diameter fiber also enables bending the fiber to certain radius which is carefully chosen to provide low loss for the fundamental mode LP01 and high loss for the other high-order modes. After bending, less-than-2-nm resonant peak bandwidth is achieved. The grating spectrum is improved, and higher resolution sensing measurement can be achieved. This mode filtering method is very easy to implement. Furthermore, the sapphire fiber is sealed with hi-purity alumina ceramic cement inside a flexible high temperature titanium tube, and the highly flexible titanium tube offers a robust packaging to sapphire fiber. Our high temperature sapphire grating sensor is very promising in extremely high temperature sensing application.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 September 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6698, Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications, 66980F (17 September 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.730601
Show Author Affiliations
Chun Zhan, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Jae Hun Kim, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Jon E. Lee, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Stuart Yin, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Paul Ruffin, U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (United States)
Claire Luo, General Opto Solutions, LLC (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6698:
Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications
Ruyan Guo; Shizhuo S. Yin; Francis T.S. Yu, Editor(s)

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