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Proceedings Paper

Automated neural network classifiers for identifying micrometastases in peripheral blood via high-throughput microscopy
Author(s): Ramses M. Agustin; Behrad Azimi; Jeffrey H. Price
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Paper Abstract

Tissue-specific biomarkers have been studied to identify micrometastases in bone marrow and/or peripheral blood. Many studies, however, have shown conflicting results for sensitivity and specificity of detection, forestalling translation of these findings into routine clinical use for prognosis or diagnosis. Genetic instability and heterogeneity of cancers may make using an absolute set of differential expression markers difficult, if not impossible, for accurate detection of rare cancer cells via a simple blood test. The literature is rich with examples of pathologists using morphology to identify cancer in tissue sections. We hypothesize that morphological features based on fluorescent staining of common subcellular compartments, in particular, the nucleus, may be useful for detection and classification. High-throughput/ high-content image cytometry and computer-automated classification can aid pathologists to find suspicious cells, independent of biomarkers. Feature data are collected from an in vitro spiked model of breast cancer in the circulation; prestaining with CellTracker Orange creates a gold standard for assessing cancer origin. A neural network classifier is designed using seven nuclear morphology features thought a priori to be important for classification. With adequate training data, sensitive and specific detection may be achieved. Neural networks may be robustly trained to assist pathologists in detecting a wide variety of cancers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 February 2007
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6441, Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues V, 64410M (19 February 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.730422
Show Author Affiliations
Ramses M. Agustin, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)
Burnham Institute for Medical Research (United States)
Behrad Azimi, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)
Burnham Institute for Medical Research (United States)
Jeffrey H. Price, Burnham Institute for Medical Research (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6441:
Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues V
Daniel L. Farkas; Robert C. Leif; Dan V. Nicolau, Editor(s)

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