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Proceedings Paper

Hyperstereopsis in helmet-mounted NVDs: absolute distance perception
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Paper Abstract

Modern helmet-mounted night vision devices, such as the Thales TopOwl helmet, project imagery from intensifiers mounted on the side of the helmet onto the helmet faceplate. The increased separation of the cameras induces hyperstereopsis - the exaggeration of the stereoscopic disparities that support the perception of relative depth around the point of fixation. Increased camera separation may also affect absolute depth perception, because it increases the amount of vergence (crossing) of the eyes required for binocular fusion, and because the differential perspective from the viewpoints of the two eyes is increased. The effect of hyperstereopsis on the perception of absolute distance was investigated using a large-scale stereoscopic display system. A fronto-parallel textured surface was projected at a distance of 6 metres. Three stereoscopic viewing conditions were simulated - hyperstereopsis (four times magnification), normal stereopsis, and hypostereopsis (one quarter magnification). The apparent distance of the surface was measured relative to a grid placed in a virtual "leaf room" that provided rich monocular cues, such as texture gradients and linear perspective, to absolute distance as well as veridical sterescopic disparity cues. The different stereoscopic viewing conditions had no differential effect on the apparent distance of the textured surface at this viewing distance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 2007
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6557, Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XII: Design and Applications, 65570J (2 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.729603
Show Author Affiliations
Patrick Flanagan, Deakin Univ. (Australia)
Geoffrey W. Stuart, Defence Science and Technology Organisation (Australia)
Peter Gibbs, Defence Science and Technology Organisation (Australia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6557:
Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XII: Design and Applications
Randall W. Brown; Colin E. Reese; Peter L. Marasco; Thomas H. Harding, Editor(s)

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