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Proceedings Paper

Surface charge of silicon nanoparticles in colloidal state
Author(s): A. Karpo; S. Korovin; A. Orlov
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Paper Abstract

The surface charge of a silicon nanoparticle in solution of weak silver nitrate electrolyte was studied. The charge was determined by electrophoretic method in colloidal system strongly diluted with water. The physical model was offered, which combined electrostatics, hydrodynamics and optics, to describe our method. With the help of our model the approximate value of nanoparticle charge was calculated. The total surface charge of a silicon nanoparticle was determined by a number of silver surface adsorbed ions. The method gave the value of Q ≈ 65•10-19 ≈ 40e for the particles of about 20 nm in diameter. The layer of counterions located in liquid near the nanoparticle to neutralize its charge, the colloidal system was in dynamical balance. Applying electric field to the colloidal system can disturbed the balance. Thus the nanoparticles may start to move to one of the electrodes depending on value and sign of their charge. The threshold of electric field intensity, which was necessary to disrupt dynamical equilibrium and begin the nanoparticle movement was found in our work. To describe the nature of this threshold behavior of the colloidal system the theoretical model was offered.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2007
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 6606, Advanced Laser Technologies 2006, 66060N (25 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.729590
Show Author Affiliations
A. Karpo, Natural Science Ctr. of General Physics Institute (Russia)
S. Korovin, Natural Science Ctr. of General Physics Institute (Russia)
A. Orlov, Natural Science Ctr. of General Physics Institute (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6606:
Advanced Laser Technologies 2006
Dan C. Dumitras; Maria Dinescu; Vitally I. Konov, Editor(s)

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