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Proceedings Paper

EDGE: explorer of diffuse emission and gamma-ray burst explosions
Author(s): J. W. den Herder; L. Piro; T. Ohashi; L. Amati; J. Atteia; S. Barthelmy; M. Barbera; D. Barret; S. Basso; M. Boer; S. Borgani; O. Boyarskiy; E. Branchini; G. Branduardi-Raymont; M. Briggs; G. Brunetti; C. Budtz-Jorgensenf; D. Burrows; S. Campana; E. Caroli; G. Chincarini; F. Christensen; M. Cocchi; A. Comastri; A. Corsi; V. Cotroneo; P. Conconi; L. Colasanti; G. Cusamano; A. de Rosa; M. Del Santo; S. Ettori; Y. Ezoe; L. Ferrari; M. Feroci; M. Finger; G. Fishman; R. Fujimoto; M. Galeazzi; A. Galli; F. Gatti; N. Gehrels; B. Gendre; G. Ghirlanda; G. Ghisellini; P. Giommi; M. Girardi; L. Guzzo; F. Haardt; I. Hepburn; W. Hermsen; H. Hoevers; A. Holland; J. In't Zand; Y. Ishisaki; H. Kawahara; N. Kawai; J. Kaastra; M. Kippen; P. A. J. de Korte; C. Kouveliotou; A. Kusenko; C. Labanti; R. Lieu; C. Macculi; K. Makishima; G. Matt; P. Mazotta; D. McCammon; M. Méndez; T. Mineo; S. Mitchell; K. Mitsuda; S. Molendi; L. Moscardini; R. Mushotzky; L. Natalucci; F. Nicastro; P. O'Brien; J. Osborne; F. Paerels; M. Page; S. Paltani; G. Pareschi; E. Perinati; C. Perola; T. Ponman; A. Rasmussen; M. Roncarelli; P. Rosati; O. Ruchayskiy; E. Quadrini; I. Sakurai; R. Salvaterra; S. Sasaki; G. Sato; J. Schaye; J. Schmidtt; S. Scioritino; M. Shaposhnikov; K. Shinozaki; D. Spiga; Y. Suto; G. Tagliaferri; T. Takahashi; Y. Takei; Y. Tawara; P. Tozzi; H. Tsunemi; T. Tsuru; P. Ubertini; E. Ursino; M. Viel; J. Vink; N. White; R. Willingale; R. Wijers; K. Yoshikawa; N. Yamasaki
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Paper Abstract

How structures of various scales formed and evolved from the early Universe up to present time is a fundamental question of astrophysics. EDGE will trace the cosmic history of the baryons from the early generations of massive stars by Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) explosions, through the period of galaxy cluster formation, down to the very low redshift Universe, when between a third and one half of the baryons are expected to reside in cosmic filaments undergoing gravitational collapse by dark matter (the so-called warm hot intragalactic medium). In addition EDGE, with its unprecedented capabilities, will provide key results in many important fields. These scientific goals are feasible with a medium class mission using existing technology combined with innovative instrumental and observational capabilities by: (a) observing with fast reaction Gamma-Ray Bursts with a high spectral resolution (R ~ 500). This enables the study of their (star-forming) environment and the use of GRBs as back lights of large scale cosmological structures; (b) observing and surveying extended sources (galaxy clusters, WHIM) with high sensitivity using two wide field of view X-ray telescopes (one with a high angular resolution and the other with a high spectral resolution). The mission concept includes four main instruments: a Wide-field Spectrometer with excellent energy resolution (3 eV at 0.6 keV), a Wide- Field Imager with high angular resolution (HPD 15") constant over the full 1.4 degree field of view, and a Wide Field Monitor with a FOV of 1/4 of the sky, which will trigger the fast repointing to the GRB. Extension of its energy response up to 1 MeV will be achieved with a GRB detector with no imaging capability. This mission is proposed to ESA as part of the Cosmic Vision call. We will briefly review the science drivers and describe in more detail the payload of this mission.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 October 2007
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 6688, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy III, 668805 (3 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.729457
Show Author Affiliations
J. W. den Herder, SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
L. Piro, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
T. Ohashi, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
L. Amati, INAF, Instituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
J. Atteia, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées (France)
S. Barthelmy, NASA GSFC (United States)
M. Barbera, INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale (Italy)
D. Barret, Ctr. d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (France)
S. Basso, INAF, Observatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
M. Boer, Observatoire de Haute Provence (France)
S. Borgani, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico (Italy)
O. Boyarskiy, CERN (Switzerland)
E. Branchini, Univ. Roma III (Italy)
G. Branduardi-Raymont, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
M. Briggs, Univ. of Alabama in Huntsville (United States)
G. Brunetti, INAF-IRA Bologna (Italy)
C. Budtz-Jorgensenf, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
D. Burrows, Penn State Univ. (United States)
S. Campana, INAF, Observatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
E. Caroli, INAF, Instituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
G. Chincarini, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
F. Christensen, DNSC, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
M. Cocchi, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
A. Comastri, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Bologna (Italy)
A. Corsi, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
V. Cotroneo, INAF, Observatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
P. Conconi, INAF, Observatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
L. Colasanti, INAF, Instituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
G. Cusamano, INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale (Italy)
A. de Rosa, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
M. Del Santo, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
S. Ettori, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Bologna (Italy)
Y. Ezoe, Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science, JAXA (Japan)
L. Ferrari, Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
M. Feroci, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
M. Finger, Univ. Space Research Association (United States)
G. Fishman, Marshall Space Flight Ctr (United States)
R. Fujimoto, Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science, JAXA (Japan)
M. Galeazzi, Univ. of Miami (United States)
A. Galli, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
F. Gatti, Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
N. Gehrels, NASA GSFC (United States)
B. Gendre, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
G. Ghirlanda, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
G. Ghisellini, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
P. Giommi, ASI Data Ctr. (Italy)
M. Girardi, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico (Italy)
L. Guzzo, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
F. Haardt, Univ. di Insubria (Italy)
I. Hepburn, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
W. Hermsen, SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
H. Hoevers, SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
A. Holland, Univ. of Brunel (United Kingdom)
J. In't Zand, SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Y. Ishisaki, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
H. Kawahara, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
N. Kawai, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
J. Kaastra, SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
M. Kippen, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
P. A. J. de Korte, SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
C. Kouveliotou, Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
A. Kusenko, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
C. Labanti, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
R. Lieu, Univ. of Alabama in Huntsville (United States)
C. Macculi, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
K. Makishima, Tokyo Univ. of Science (Japan)
G. Matt, Univ. Roma III (Italy)
P. Mazotta, Univ. de Roma Tor Vergata (Italy)
D. McCammon, Univ. of Wisconsin (United States)
M. Méndez, SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
T. Mineo, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale (Italy)
S. Mitchell, Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
K. Mitsuda, Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science, JAXA (Japan)
S. Molendi, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
L. Moscardini, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Bologna (Italy)
R. Mushotzky, NASA GSFC (United States)
L. Natalucci, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
F. Nicastro, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
P. O'Brien, Leicester Univ. (United Kingdom)
J. Osborne, Leicester Univ. (United Kingdom)
F. Paerels, Columbia Univ. (United States)
M. Page, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
S. Paltani, Integral Science Data Ctr. (Switzerland)
G. Pareschi, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
E. Perinati, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale (Italy)
C. Perola, Univ. Roma III (Italy)
T. Ponman, Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
A. Rasmussen, KIPAC, Stanford (United States)
M. Roncarelli, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Bologna (Italy)
P. Rosati, ESO (Germany)
O. Ruchayskiy, Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques (France)
E. Quadrini, KIPAC, Stanford (United States)
I. Sakurai, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
R. Salvaterra, Univ. di Insubria (Italy)
S. Sasaki, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
G. Sato, NASA GSFC (United States)
J. Schaye, Univ. of Leiden (Netherlands)
J. Schmidtt, Univ. of Hamburg (Germany)
S. Scioritino, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale (Italy)
M. Shaposhnikov, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
K. Shinozaki, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
D. Spiga, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
Y. Suto, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
G. Tagliaferri, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico Brera (Italy)
T. Takahashi, Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science, JAXA (Japan)
Y. Takei, SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Y. Tawara, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
P. Tozzi, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico (Italy)
H. Tsunemi, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
T. Tsuru, Kyoto Univ. (Japan)
P. Ubertini, INAF, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale Fisica Cosmica (Italy)
E. Ursino, Univ. of Miami (United States)
M. Viel, INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico (Italy)
J. Vink, Univ. of Utrecht (Netherlands)
N. White, NASA GSFC (United States)
R. Willingale, Leicester Univ. (United Kingdom)
R. Wijers, Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
K. Yoshikawa, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
N. Yamasaki, Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science, JAXA (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6688:
Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy III
Stephen L. O'Dell; Giovanni Pareschi, Editor(s)

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