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Proceedings Paper

Soil compensation techniques for the detection of buried metallic objects using electromagnetic sensors
Author(s): Leonard R. Pasion; Douglas W. Oldenburg; Stephen D. Billings; David Sinex
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Paper Abstract

Magnetic soils are a major source of false positives when searching for landmines or unexploded ordnance (UXO) with electromagnetic induction sensors. In adverse areas up to 30% of identified electromagnetic (EM) anomalies are attributed to geology. The main source of the electromagnetic response is the magnetic viscosity of the ferrimagnetic minerals magnetite and maghaemite. The EM phenomena that give rise to the response of magnetically viscous soil and metal are fundamentally different. The viscosity effects of magnetic soil can be accurately modelled by assuming a ferrite relaxation with a log-uniform distribution of time constants. The EM response of a metallic target is due to eddy currents induced in the target and is a function of the target's size, shape, conductivity and magnetic susceptibility. In this presentation, we consider different soil compensation techniques for time domain and frequency domain EM data. For both types of data we exploit the EM characteristics of viscous remnantly magnetized soil. These techniques will be demonstrated with time domain and frequency domain data collected on Kaho'olawe Island, Hawaii. A frequency domain technique based on modeling a negative log-linear in-phase and constant quadrature component was found to be very effective at suppressing false-alarms due to magnetic soils.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 May 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6553, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets XII, 655326 (7 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.728483
Show Author Affiliations
Leonard R. Pasion, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Sky Research Inc. (Canada)
Douglas W. Oldenburg, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Stephen D. Billings, Sky Research Inc. (Canada)
David Sinex, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6553:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets XII
Russell S. Harmon; J. Thomas Broach; John H. Holloway Jr., Editor(s)

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