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Proceedings Paper

Spectral and time-resolved studies on ocular structures
Author(s): D. Schweitzer; S. Jentsch; S. Schenke; M. Hammer; C. Biskup; E. Gaillard
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Paper Abstract

Measurements of endogeous fluorophores open the possibility for evaluation of metabolic state at the eye. For interpretation of 2-dimensional measurements of time-resolved auto fluorescence in 2 separate spectral ranges at the human eye, comparing measurements were performed on porcine eyes. Determining excitation and emission spectra, attention was drawn of proof of coenzymes NADH and FAD in isolated anatomical structures cornea, aqueous humor, lens, vitreous, neuronal retina, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), choroid, and sclera. All these structures exhibit auto fluorescence, highest in lens. Excitation at 350 nm results in local fluorescence maxima at 460 nm, corresponding to NADH, in all structures. This short-wave excitation allows metabolic studies only at the anterior eye, because of the limited transmission of the ocular media. During excitation at 446 nm the existence of FAD is expressed by local fluorescence maxima at 530 nm. The composition fluorescence spectra allow no discrimination between single ocular structures. Approximating the dynamic fluorescence by a double exponential function, the shortest lifetimes were detected in RPE and neuronal retina. The histograms of mean lifetime tM cover each other on lens with cornea and also on sclera with choroid. Despite the lifetimes are close between RPE and neuronal retina, the relative contributions Q1 are wide different. The gradient of trend lines in cluster diagrams of amplitudes α2 vs. α1 allows a discrimination of ocular structures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 July 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6628, Diagnostic Optical Spectroscopy in Biomedicine IV, 662807 (11 July 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.726701
Show Author Affiliations
D. Schweitzer, Univ. of Jena (Germany)
S. Jentsch, Univ. of Applied Sciences (Germany)
S. Schenke, Univ. of Jena (Germany)
M. Hammer, Univ. of Jena (Germany)
C. Biskup, Univ. of Jena (Germany)
E. Gaillard, Northern Illinois Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6628:
Diagnostic Optical Spectroscopy in Biomedicine IV
Dietrich Schweitzer; Maryann Fitzmaurice, Editor(s)

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