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Proceedings Paper

Intelligent algorithms for persistent and pervasive sensing in systems comprised of wireless ad hoc networks of ground-based sensors and mobile infrastructures
Author(s): William S. Hortos
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Paper Abstract

With the development of low-cost, durable unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), it is now practical to perform persistent sensing and target tracking autonomously over broad surveillance areas. These vehicles can sense the environment directly through onboard active sensors, or indirectly when aimed toward ground targets in a mission environment by ground-based passive sensors operating wirelessly as an ad hoc network in the environment. The combination of the swarm intelligence of the airborne infrastructure comprised of UAVs with the ant-like collaborative behavior of the unattended ground sensors creates a system capable of both persistent and pervasive sensing of mission environment, such that, the continuous collection, analysis and tracking of targets from sensor data received from the ground can be achieved. Mobile software agents are used to implement intelligent algorithms for the communications, formation control and sensor data processing in this composite configuration. The enabling mobile agents are organized in a hierarchy for the three stages of processing in the distributed system: target detection, location and recognition from the collaborative data processing among active ground-sensor nodes; transfer of the target information processed on the ground to the UAV swarm overhead; and formation control and sensor activation of the UAV swarm for sustained ground-target surveillance and tracking. Intelligent algorithms are presented that can adapt to the operation of the composite system to target dynamics and system resources. Established routines, appropriate to the processing needs of each stage, are selected as preferred based on their published use in similar scenarios, ability to be distributively implemented over the set of processors at system nodes, and ability to conserve the limited resources at the ground nodes to extend the lifetime of the pervasive network. In this paper, the performance of this distributed, collaborative system concept for persistent-pervasive sensing of a ground environment is assessed via simulation of the selected adaptive algorithms using parameter values planned for ground sensors and UAVs and mission scenarios found in published studies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 April 2007
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 6560, Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications V, 65600J (30 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.726397
Show Author Affiliations
William S. Hortos, Associates in Communications Engineering Research and Technology (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6560:
Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications V
Kevin L. Priddy; Emre Ertin, Editor(s)

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