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Proceedings Paper

Enhanced k-edge angiography utilizing a super-fluorescent x-ray generator with a gadolinium-target tube
Author(s): Eiichi Sato; Rudolf Germer; Haruo Obara; Etsuro Tanaka; Hidezo Mori; Toshiaki Kawai; Takashi Inoue; Akira Ogawa; Shigehiro Sato; Kazuyoshi Takayama
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Paper Abstract

The gadolinium plasma flash x-ray generator is useful for performing high-speed enhanced K-edge angiography using cone beams because K-series characteristic x-rays from the gadolinium target are absorbed effectively by iodine-based contrast media. In the flash x-ray generator, a 150 nF condenser is charged up to 80 kV by a power supply, and flash x-rays are produced by the discharging. The x-ray tube is a demountable cold-cathode diode, and the turbomolecular pump evacuates air from the tube with a pressure of approximately 1 mPa. Since the electric circuit of the high-voltage pulse generator employs a cable transmission line, the high-voltage pulse generator produces twice the potential of the condenser charging voltage. At a charging voltage of 80 kV, the estimated maximum tube voltage and current are approximately 160 kV and 40 kA, respectively. When the charging voltage was increased, the K-series characteristic x-ray intensities of gadolinium increased. Bremsstrahlung x-ray intensity rate decreased with increasing the charging voltage, and clean K lines were produced with a charging voltage of 80 kV. The x-ray pulse widths were approximately 100 ns, and the time-integrated x-ray intensity had a value of approximately 500 μGy at 1.0 m from the x-ray source with a charging voltage of 80 kV. Angiography was performed using a filmless computed radiography (CR) system and iodine-based contrast media. In the angiography of nonliving animals, we observed fine blood vessels of approximately 100 μm with high contrasts.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 January 2007
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6279, 27th International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, 627911 (11 January 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.725174
Show Author Affiliations
Eiichi Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Rudolf Germer, Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)
Haruo Obara, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
Etsuro Tanaka, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture (Japan)
Hidezo Mori, National Cardiovascular Ctr. Research Institute (Japan)
Toshiaki Kawai, Hamamatsu Photonics, Inc. (Japan)
Takashi Inoue, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Akira Ogawa, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Shigehiro Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Kazuyoshi Takayama, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6279:
27th International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics

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