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Proceedings Paper

Vibration-induced conductivity fluctuation measurement for soil bulk density analysis
Author(s): Andrea Sz. Kishné; Cristine L. S. Morgan; Hung-Chih Chang; Laszlo B. Kish
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Paper Abstract

Soil bulk density affects water storage, water and nutrient movement, and plant root activity in the soil profile. Its measurement is difficult in field conditions. Vibration-induced conductivity fluctuation was investigated to quantify soil bulk density with possible field applications in the future. The AC electrical conductivity of soil was measured using a pair of blade-like electrodes while exposing the soil to periodic vibration. The blades were positioned longitudinally and transversally to the direction of the induced vibration to enable the calculation of a normalized index. The normalized index was expected to provide data independent from the vibration strength and to reduce the effect of soil salinity and water content. The experiment was conducted on natural and salinized fine sand at two moisture conditions and four bulk densities. The blade-shaped electrodes improved electrode-soil contact compared to cylindrical electrodes, and thereby, reduced measurement noise. Simulations on a simplified resistor lattice indicate that the transversal effect increases as soil bulk density decreases. Measurement of dry sand showed a negative correlation between the normalized conductivity fluctuation and soil bulk density for both longitudinal and transversal settings. The decrease in the transversal signal was smaller than expected. The wet natural and salinized soils performed very similarly as hypothesized, but their normalized VICOF response was not significant to bulk density changes. This lack of sensitivity might be attributed to the heavy electrodes and/or the specific vibration method used. The effects of electrode material, vibration method and soil properties on the experiment need further study.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 June 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6600, Noise and Fluctuations in Circuits, Devices, and Materials, 660010 (11 June 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.724667
Show Author Affiliations
Andrea Sz. Kishné, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)
Cristine L. S. Morgan, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)
Hung-Chih Chang, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)
Laszlo B. Kish, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6600:
Noise and Fluctuations in Circuits, Devices, and Materials
Massimo Macucci; Lode K.J. Vandamme; Carmine Ciofi; Michael B. Weissman, Editor(s)

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