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Proceedings Paper

Modelling and analysis of ship surface BRDF
Author(s): David A. Vaitekunas
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Paper Abstract

Modelling the bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) of a ship surface is an integral part of any infrared ship signature model. The ShipIR surface BRDF model is based on Sandford and Robertson (1985) and makes a discrete assumption for lobe-width and solar-glint. The ShipIR sea surface reflectance model uses a roughness model based on the early work of Cox and Munk (1954) and refined using the integral solution proposed by Mermelstein et al. (1994). A similar approach was used by Ward (1992) to model the visual properties of a real surface, considering isotropic and anisotropic surface roughness. This paper compares the two roughness models and shows how a slope probability density function (PDF) version of the bi-directional reflectance is better suited for modelling micro-faceted surface reflections. The simulation of an actual ship IR glint measurement demonstrates the effect of BRDF lobes in the paint property and provides a qualitative assessment of the ShipIR model.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 May 2007
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6543, Infrared Imaging Systems: Design, Analysis, Modeling, and Testing XVIII, 654303 (4 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.724662
Show Author Affiliations
David A. Vaitekunas, W. R. Davis Engineering, Ltd. (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6543:
Infrared Imaging Systems: Design, Analysis, Modeling, and Testing XVIII
Gerald C. Holst, Editor(s)

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