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Proceedings Paper

Silicon single photon avalanche diodes: situation and prospect
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Paper Abstract

Photon counting was introduced and developed during four decades relying on Photomultiplier Tubes (PMT), but interesting alternatives are nowadays provided by solid-state single-photon microdetectors. In particular, Silicon Single-Photon Avalanche-Diodes (SPAD) attain remarkable basic performance, such as high photon detection efficiency over a broad spectral range up to 1 micron wavelength, low dark counting rate and photon timing jitter of a few tens of picoseconds. In recent years SPADs have emerged from the laboratory research phase and they are now commercially available from various manufactures. However, PMTs have much wider sensitive area, which greatly simplifies the design of optical systems; they attain remarkable performance at high counting rate and can provide position-sensitive photon detection and imaging capability. In order to make SPADs more competitive in a broader range of applications it is necessary to face issues in semiconductor device technology. The present state of the art, the prospect and main issues will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 May 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6583, Photon Counting Applications, Quantum Optics, and Quantum Cryptography, 658302 (11 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.723468
Show Author Affiliations
Sergio Cova, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Micro-Photon-Devices (Italy)
Massimo Ghioni, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Micro-Photon-Devices (Italy)
Franco Zappa, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Micro-Photon-Devices (Italy)
Ivan Rech, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Angelo Gulinatti, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Piera Maccagnani, IMM-CNR sez. di Bologna (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6583:
Photon Counting Applications, Quantum Optics, and Quantum Cryptography
Miloslav Dusek; Mark S. Hillery; Wolfgang P. Schleich; Ivan Prochazka; Alan L. Migdall; Alexandre Pauchard, Editor(s)

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