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Proceedings Paper

Radiation properties of two types of luminous textile devices containing plastic optical fibers
Author(s): Bärbel Selm; Markus Rothmaier
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Paper Abstract

Luminous textiles have the potential to satisfy a need for thin and flexible light diffusers for treatment of intraoral cancerous tissue. Plastic optical fibers (POF) with diameters of 250 microns and smaller are used to make the textiles luminous. Usually light is supplied to the optical fiber at both ends. On the textile surface light emission occurs in a woven structure via damaged straight POFs, whereas the embroidered structure radiates the light out of macroscopically bent POFs. We compared the optical properties of these two types of textile diffusers using red light laser for the embroidery and light emitting diode (LED) for the woven structure as light sources, and found efficiencies for the luminous areas of the two samples of 19 % (woven) and 32 % (embroidery), respectively. It was shown that the efficiency can be greatly improved using an aluminium backing. Additional scattering layers lower the fluence rate by around 30 %. To analyse the homogeneity we took a photo of the illuminated surface using a 3CCD camera and found, for both textiles, a slightly skewed distribution of the dark and bright pixels. The interquartile range of brightness distribution of the embroidery is more than double as the woven structure.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 June 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6593, Photonic Materials, Devices, and Applications II, 65930E (12 June 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.722992
Show Author Affiliations
Bärbel Selm, EMPA (Switzerland)
Markus Rothmaier, EMPA (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6593:
Photonic Materials, Devices, and Applications II
Ali Serpengüzel; Gonçal Badenes; Giancarlo C. Righini, Editor(s)

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