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Proceedings Paper

Phenomenological fireball model for remote identification of high-explosives
Author(s): Kevin C. Gross; Joseph Wayman; Glen P. Perram
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Paper Abstract

Many aspects of detonation phenomena have been well studied over the last century. However, the transient infrared and visible emissions from detonation fireballs have been poorly understood, and this has hampered attempts to remotely identify explosives via combustion signatures. Recently, time-resolved infrared spectra (1800-7000 cm-1, 4cm-1 resolution, 8 Hz) were collected from the detonation of uncased charges of TNT and several kinds of improvised explosive devices in four weight classes (10, 50, 100, and 1000 kg). A simple model for fireball emissions has been developed which accurately describes the observed spectra in terms of the fireball size, temperature, gaseous byproduct concentrations, and grey particulate absorption coefficient. The model affords high-fidelity dimensionality reduction and provides physical features which can be used to distinguish the uncased explosives.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 May 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6566, Automatic Target Recognition XVII, 656613 (11 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.719977
Show Author Affiliations
Kevin C. Gross, Riverside Research Institute (United States)
Joseph Wayman, Ohio State Univ. (United States)
Glen P. Perram, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6566:
Automatic Target Recognition XVII
Firooz A. Sadjadi, Editor(s)

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