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Proceedings Paper

Use of ridge points in partial fingerprint matching
Author(s): Gang Fang; Sargur N. Srihari; Harish Srinivasan; Prasad Phatak
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Paper Abstract

Matching of partial fingerprints has important applications in both biometrics and forensics. It is well-known that the accuracy of minutiae-based matching algorithms dramatically decrease as the number of available minutiae decreases. When singular structures such as core and delta are unavailable, general ridges can be utilized. Some existing highly accurate minutiae matchers do use local ridge similarity for fingerprint alignment. However, ridges cover relatively larger regions, and therefore ridge similarity models are sensitive to non-linear deformation. An algorithm is proposed here to utilize ridges more effectively- by utilizing representative ridge points. These points are represented similar to minutiae and used together with minutiae in existing minutiae matchers with simple modification. Algorithm effectiveness is demonstrated using both full and partial fingerprints. The performance is compared against two minutiae-only matchers (Bozorth and k-minutiae). Effectiveness with full fingerprint matching is demonstrated using the four databases of FVC2002- where the error rate decreases by 0.2-0.7% using the best matching algorithm. The effectiveness is more significant in the case of partial fingerprint matching- which is demonstrated with sixty partial fingerprint databases generated from FVC2002 (with five levels of numbers of minutiae available). When only 15 minutiae are available the error rate decreases 5-7.5%. Thus the method, which involves selecting representative ridge points, minutiae matcher modification, and a group of minutiae matchers, demonstrates improved performance on full and especially partial fingerprint matching.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6539, Biometric Technology for Human Identification IV, 65390D (12 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.718941
Show Author Affiliations
Gang Fang, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
Sargur N. Srihari, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
Harish Srinivasan, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
Prasad Phatak, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6539:
Biometric Technology for Human Identification IV
Salil Prabhakar; Arun A. Ross, Editor(s)

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