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Proceedings Paper

Spatial filtering method for fringe patterns based on gray gradient
Author(s): Mingzhao Zhang; Boxiong Wang; Xiuzhi Luo; Chao Yu; Baiqing Hu
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Paper Abstract

Traditional spatial filtering methods such as median filtering and mean filtering are widely used to remove additive noise in images. Images smoothed using these methods are inevitably blurred. If images are fringe patterns and filtering mask used is in fixed shape, such as a rectangle of mxn pixels, the structures of the pattern processed may be even deformed. To resolve this problem, a filtering method with varying mask based on gray gradient is proposed. This method makes full use of the feature of fringe patterns in that the gradient of gray level at a pixel is normal to the tangential direction of the fringe there. According to the method, gradient vector at a pixel is calculated first, and then the shape of the filtering mask to be used is determined based on the gradient vector. If its amplitude is smaller than a predefined value, a nxn square mask is used, on the other hand, if its amplitude is larger than the predefined value, a bar mask normal to the vector is used. Finally, the median value or mean value of the pixels in the mask is then achieved as the smoothed value of the pixel. After the same operations are applied to all pixels in the pattern sequentially, the smoothed version of the fringe pattern is achieved. A simulated fringe pattern with noise is smoothed using this method and other filtering methods for comparison, and the result shows that noise in the fringe pattern can be effectively removed and the characteristic details of the fringes can be reserved at the same time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 2006
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 6357, Sixth International Symposium on Instrumentation and Control Technology: Signal Analysis, Measurement Theory, Photo-Electronic Technology, and Artificial Intelligence, 63570F (24 October 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.716737
Show Author Affiliations
Mingzhao Zhang, Tsinghua Univ. (China)
Boxiong Wang, Tsinghua Univ. (China)
Xiuzhi Luo, Tsinghua Univ. (China)
Chao Yu, Tsinghua Univ. (China)
Baiqing Hu, Tsinghua Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6357:
Sixth International Symposium on Instrumentation and Control Technology: Signal Analysis, Measurement Theory, Photo-Electronic Technology, and Artificial Intelligence
Jiancheng Fang; Zhongyu Wang, Editor(s)

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