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Proceedings Paper

Image-domain material decomposition using photon-counting CT
Author(s): Katsuyuki Taguchi; Mengxi Zhang; Eric C. Frey; Jingyan Xu; W. Paul Segars; Benjamin M. W. Tsui
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Paper Abstract

Novel CdTe photon counting x-ray detectors (PCXDs) have been developed for very high count rates [1-4] suitable for x-ray micro computed tomography (μCT) scanners. It counts photons within each of J energy bins. In this study, we investigate use of the data in these energy bins for material decomposition using an image domain approach. In this method, one image is reconstructed from projection data of each energy bin; thus, we have J images from J energy bins that are associated with attenuation coefficients with a narrow energy width. We assume that the spread of energies in each bin is small and thus that the attenuation can be modeled using an effective energy for each bin. This approximation allows us to linearize the problem, thus simplify the inversion procedure. We then fit J attenuation coefficients at each location x by the energy-attenuation function [5] and obtain either (1) photoelectric and Compton scattering components or (2) 2 or 3 basis-material components. We used computer simulations to evaluate this approach generating projection data with three types of acquisition schemes: (A) five monochromatic energies; (B) five energy bins with PCXD and an 80 kVp polychromatic x-ray spectrum; and (C) two kVp with an intensity integrating detector. Total attenuation coefficients of reconstructed images and calculated effective atomic numbers were compared with data published by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). We developed a new materially defined "SmileyZ" phantom to evaluate the accuracy of the material decomposition methods. Preliminary results showed that material based 3-basis functions (bone, water and iodine) with PCXD with 5 energy bins was the most promising approach for material decomposition.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 March 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6510, Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging, 651008 (16 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.713508
Show Author Affiliations
Katsuyuki Taguchi, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Mengxi Zhang, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Eric C. Frey, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Jingyan Xu, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
W. Paul Segars, Duke Univ. (United States)
Benjamin M. W. Tsui, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6510:
Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging
Jiang Hsieh; Michael J. Flynn, Editor(s)

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