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Proceedings Paper

Manufacturability issues with double patterning for 50-nm half-pitch single damascene applications using RELACS shrink and corresponding OPC
Author(s): Maaike Op de Beeck; Janko Versluijs; Vincent Wiaux; Tom Vandeweyer; Ivan Ciofi; Herbert Struyf; Dirk Hendrickx; Jan Van Olmen
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Paper Abstract

A double patterning (DP) process is discussed for 50nm half pitch interconnects, using a litho-etch-litho-etch approach on metal hard mask (MHM). Since an 0.85NA immersion scanner is used, the small pitch of 100nm is obtained by DP, the small trenches are made by a Quasar exposure followed by a shrink technique. The RELACS® process is used, realizing narrow trenches with larger DOF and less LER. For mask making, a design split is carried out, followed by adjustments of the basic design to make the patterns more litho-friendly. Assist features are placed next to isolated trenches to ensure sufficient DOF. Furthermore, an adjusted OPC calculation is carried out, taking into account proximity effects of both the exposure and the subsequent shrink process. After mask fabrication, this DP process is used for a single damascene application, with BDIIx as low-k material and TaN or TiN as MHM. Various problems are encountered, such as CD gain of the trenches during both MHM etch steps, poisoning and BARC thickness variations due to topography during the second litho step. For all these problems, solutions or work-arounds have been found, After the second MHM-etch, the 50nm half-pitch pattern is transferred successfully in the underlying low-k material.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 March 2007
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 6520, Optical Microlithography XX, 65200I (26 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.713393
Show Author Affiliations
Maaike Op de Beeck, IMEC (Belgium)
Janko Versluijs, IMEC (Belgium)
Vincent Wiaux, IMEC (Belgium)
Tom Vandeweyer, IMEC (Belgium)
Ivan Ciofi, IMEC (Belgium)
Herbert Struyf, IMEC (Belgium)
Dirk Hendrickx, IMEC (Belgium)
Jan Van Olmen, IMEC (Belgium)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6520:
Optical Microlithography XX
Donis G. Flagello, Editor(s)

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