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Proceedings Paper

DEM-based research on the landform features of China
Author(s): Guoan Tang; Aili Liu; Fayuan Li; Jieyu Zhou
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Paper Abstract

Landforms can be described and identified by parameterization of digital elevation model (DEM). This paper discusses the large-scale geomorphological characteristics of China based on numerical analysis of terrain parameters and develop a methodology for characterizing landforms from DEMs. The methodology is implemented as a two-step process. First, terrain variables are derived from a 1-km DEM in a given statistical unit including local relief, the earth's surface incision, elevation variance coefficient, roughness, mean slope and mean elevation. Second, every parameter regarded as a single-band image is combined into a multi-band image. Then ISODATA unsupervised classification and the Bayesian technique of Maximum Likelihood supervised classification are applied for landform classification. The resulting landforms are evaluated by the means of Stratified Sampling with respect to an existing map and the overall classification accuracy reaches to rather high value. It's shown that the derived parameters carry sufficient physiographic information and can be used for landform classification. Since the classification method integrates manifold terrain indexes, conquers the limitation of the subjective cognition, as well as a low cost, apparently it could represent an applied foreground in the classification of macroscopic relief forms. Furthermore, it exhibits significance in consummating the theory and the methodology of DEMs on digital terrain analysis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 October 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6420, Geoinformatics 2006: Geospatial Information Science, 64201Y (28 October 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.712988
Show Author Affiliations
Guoan Tang, Nanjing Normal Univ. (China)
Aili Liu, Nanjing Normal Univ. (China)
Fayuan Li, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment (China)
Jieyu Zhou, Nanjing Normal Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6420:
Geoinformatics 2006: Geospatial Information Science
Jianya Gong; Jingxiong Zhang, Editor(s)

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