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Proceedings Paper

Development of an Advanced Aidman Vision Screener (AVS) for selective assessment of outer and inner laser induced retinal injury
Author(s): Michael W. Boye; Harry Zwick; Bruce E. Stuck; Peter R. Edsall; Andre Akers
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Paper Abstract

The need for tools that can assist in evaluating visual function is an essential and a growing requirement as lasers on the modern battlefield mature and proliferate. The requirement for rapid and sensitive vision assessment under field conditions produced the USAMRD Aidman Vision Screener (AVS), designed to be used as a field diagnostic tool for assessing laser induced retinal damage. In this paper, we describe additions to the AVS designed to provide a more sensitive assessment of laser induced retinal dysfunction. The AVS incorporates spectral LogMar Acuity targets without and with neural opponent chromatic backgrounds. Thus, it provides the capability of detecting selective photoreceptor damage and its functional consequences at the level of both the outer and inner retina. Modifications to the original achromatic AVS have been implemented to detect selective cone system dysfunction by providing LogMar acuity Landolt rings associated with the peak spectral absorption regions of the S (short), M (middle), and L (long) wavelength cone photoreceptor systems. Evaluation of inner retinal dysfunction associated with selective outer cone damage employs LogMar spectral acuity charts with backgrounds that are neurally opponent. Thus, the AVS provides the capability to assess the effect of selective cone dysfunction on the normal neural balance at the level of the inner retinal interactions. Test and opponent background spectra have been optimized by using color space metrics. A minimal number of three AVS evaluations will be utilized to provide an estimate of false alarm level.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2007
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6426, Ophthalmic Technologies XVII, 64262B (5 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.712240
Show Author Affiliations
Michael W. Boye, U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Harry Zwick, U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Bruce E. Stuck, U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Peter R. Edsall, U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Andre Akers, U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6426:
Ophthalmic Technologies XVII
Bruce E. Stuck; Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Michael Belkin; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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