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Proceedings Paper

Texture-based computer-aided diagnosis system for lung fibrosis
Author(s): Jesus J. Caban; Jianhua Yao; Nilo A Avila; Joseph R Fontana; Vincent C. Manganiello
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Paper Abstract

Computer-aided detection of lung fibrosis remains a difficult task due to the small vascular structures, scars, and fibrotic tissues that need to be identified and differentiated. In this paper, we present a texture-based computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system that automatically detects lung fibrosis. Our system uses high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), advanced texture analysis, and support vector machine (SVM) committees to automatically and accurately detect lung fibrosis. Our CAD system follows a five-stage pipeline that is comprised of: segmentation, texture analysis, training, classification, and display. Since the accuracy of the proposed texture-based CAD system depends on how precise we can distinguish texture dissimilarities between normal and abnormal lungs, in this paper we have given special attention to the texture block selection process. We present the effects that texture block size, data reduction techniques, and image smoothing filters have within the overall classification results. Furthermore, a histogram-based technique to refine the classification results inside texture blocks is presented. The proposed texture-based CAD system to detect lung fibrosis has been trained with several normal and abnormal HRCT studies and has been tested with the original training dataset as well as new HRCT studies. On average, when using the suggested/default texture size and an optimized SVM committee system, a 90% accuracy has been observed with the proposed texture-based CAD system to detect lung fibrosis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6514, Medical Imaging 2007: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 651439 (30 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.709831
Show Author Affiliations
Jesus J. Caban, Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County (United States)
Jianhua Yao, National Institutes of Health (United States)
Nilo A Avila, National Institutes of Health (United States)
Joseph R Fontana, National Institutes of Health (United States)
Vincent C. Manganiello, National Institutes of Health (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6514:
Medical Imaging 2007: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Maryellen L. Giger; Nico Karssemeijer, Editor(s)

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