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Proceedings Paper

Sound-speed tomography using first-arrival transmission ultrasound for a ring array
Author(s): Youli Quan; Lianjie Huang
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Paper Abstract

Sound-speed tomography images can be used for cancer detection and diagnosis. Tumors have generally higher sound speeds than the surrounding tissue. Quality and resolution of tomography images are primarily determined by the insonification/illumination aperture of ultrasound and the capability of the tomography method for accurately handling heterogeneous nature of the breast. We investigate the capability of an efficient time-of-flight tomography method using transmission ultrasound from a ring array for reconstructing sound-speed images of the breast. The method uses first-arrival times of transmitted ultrasonic signals emerging from non-beamforming ultrasound transducers located around a ring. It properly accounts for ray bending within the breast by solving the eikonal equation using a finite-difference scheme. We test and validate the time-of-flight transmission tomography method using synthetic data for numerical breast phantoms containing various objects. In our simulation, the objects are immersed in water within a ring array. Two-dimensional synthetic data are generated using a finite-difference scheme to solve acoustic-wave equation in heterogeneous media. We study the reconstruction accuracy of the tomography method for objects with different sizes and shapes as well as different perturbations from the surrounding medium. In addition, we also address some specific data processing issues related to the tomography. Our tomography results demonstrate that the first-arrival transmission tomography method can accurately reconstruct objects larger than approximately five wavelengths of the incident ultrasound using a ring array.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 March 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6513, Medical Imaging 2007: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing, 651306 (12 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.709647
Show Author Affiliations
Youli Quan, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Lianjie Huang, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6513:
Medical Imaging 2007: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing
Stanislav Y. Emelianov; Stephen A. McAleavey, Editor(s)

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