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Proceedings Paper

Determination of drill paths for percutaneous cochlear access accounting for target positioning error
Author(s): Jack H. Noble; Frank M. Warren; Robert F. Labadie; Benoit Dawant; J. Michael Fitzpatrick
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Paper Abstract

In cochlear implant surgery an electrode array is permanently implanted to stimulate the auditory nerve and allow deaf people to hear. Current surgical techniques require wide excavation of the mastoid region of the temporal bone and one to three hours time to avoid damage to vital structures. Recently a far less invasive approach has been proposed-percutaneous cochlear access, in which a single hole is drilled from skull surface to the cochlea. The drill path is determined by attaching a fiducial system to the patient's skull and then choosing, on a pre-operative CT, an entry point and a target point. The drill is advanced to the target, the electrodes placed through the hole, and a stimulator implanted at the surface of the skull. The major challenge is the determination of a safe and effective drill path, which with high probability avoids specific vital structures-the facial nerve, the ossicles, and the external ear canal-and arrives at the basal turn of the cochlea. These four features lie within a few millimeters of each other, the drill is one millimeter in diameter, and errors in the determination of the target position are on the order of 0.5mm root-mean square. Thus, path selection is both difficult and critical to the success of the surgery. This paper presents a method for finding optimally safe and effective paths while accounting for target positioning error.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 March 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6509, Medical Imaging 2007: Visualization and Image-Guided Procedures, 650925 (22 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.709605
Show Author Affiliations
Jack H. Noble, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Frank M. Warren, The Univ. of Utah (United States)
Robert F. Labadie, Vanderbilt Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
Benoit Dawant, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
J. Michael Fitzpatrick, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6509:
Medical Imaging 2007: Visualization and Image-Guided Procedures
Kevin R. Cleary; Michael I. Miga, Editor(s)

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