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Proceedings Paper

Hemodynamics before and after bleb formation in cerebral aneurysms
Author(s): Juan R. Cebral; Alessandro Radaelli; Alejandro Frangi; Christopher M. Putman
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Paper Abstract

We investigate whether blebs in cerebral aneurysms form in regions of low or high wall shear stress (WSS), and how the intraaneurysmal hemodynamic pattern changes after bleb formation. Seven intracranial aneurysms harboring well defined blebs were selected from our database and subject-specific computational models were constructed from 3D rotational angiography. For each patient, a second anatomical model representing the aneurysm before bleb formation was constructed by smoothing out the bleb. Computational fluid dynamics simulations were performed under pulsatile flow conditions for both models of each aneurysm. In six of the seven aneurysms, the blebs formed in a region of elevated WSS associated to the inflow jet impaction zone. In one, the bleb formed in a region of low WSS associated to the outflow zone. In this case, the inflow jet maintained a fairly concentrated structure all the way to the outflow zone, while in the other six aneurysms it dispersed after impacting the aneurysm wall. In all aneurysms, once the blebs formed, new flow recirculation regions were formed inside the blebs and the blebs progressed to a state of low WSS. Assuming that blebs form due to a focally damaged arterial wall, these results seem to indicate that the localized injury of the vessel wall may be caused by elevated WSS associated with the inflow jet. However, the final shape of the aneurysm is probably also influenced by the peri-aneurysmal environment that can provide extra structural support via contact with structures such as bone or dura matter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 April 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6511, Medical Imaging 2007: Physiology, Function, and Structure from Medical Images, 65112C (6 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.709240
Show Author Affiliations
Juan R. Cebral, George Mason Univ. (United States)
Alessandro Radaelli, Pompeu Fabra Univ. (Spain)
Alejandro Frangi, Pompeu Fabra Univ. (Spain)
Christopher M. Putman, Inova Fairfax Hospital (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6511:
Medical Imaging 2007: Physiology, Function, and Structure from Medical Images
Armando Manduca; Xiaoping P. Hu, Editor(s)

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