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Proceedings Paper

Quantification of glomerular filtration rate by measurement of gadobutrol clearance from the extracellular fluid volume: comparison of a TurboFLASH and a TrueFISP approach
Author(s): Andreas Boss; Petros Martirosian; Ferruh Artunc; Teut Risler; Claus D. Claussen; Heinz-Peter Schlemmer; Fritz Schick
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Paper Abstract

Purpose: As the MR contrast-medium gadobutrol is completely eliminated via glomerular filtration, the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can be quantified after bolus-injection of gadobutrol and complete mixing in the extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) by measuring the signal decrease within the liver parenchyma. Two different navigator-gated single-shot saturation-recovery sequences have been tested for suitability of GFR quantification: a TurboFLASH and a TrueFISP readout technique. Materials and Methods: Ten healthy volunteers (mean age 26.1±3.6) were equally devided in two subgroups. After bolus-injection of 0.05 mmol/kg gadobutrol, coronal single-slice images of the liver were recorded every 4-5 seconds during free breathing using either the TurboFLASH or the TrueFISP technique. Time-intensity curves were determined from manually drawn regions-of-interest over the liver parenchyma. Both sequences were subsequently evaluated regarding signal to noise ratio (SNR) and the behaviour of signal intensity curves. The calculated GFR values were compared to an iopromide clearance gold standard. Results: The TrueFISP sequence exhibited a 3.4-fold higher SNR as compared to the TurboFLASH sequence and markedly lower variability of the recorded time-intensity curves. The calculated mean GFR values were 107.0±16.1 ml/min/1.73m2 (iopromide: 92.1±14.5 ml/min/1.73m2) for the TrueFISP technique and 125.6±24.1 ml/min/1.73m2 (iopromide: 97.7±6.3 ml/min/1.73m2) for the TurboFLASH approach. The mean paired differences with TrueFISP was lower (15.0 ml/min/1.73m2) than in the TurboFLASH method (27.9 ml/min/1.73m2). Conclusion: The global GFR can be quantified via measurement of gadobutrol clearance from the ECFV. A saturation-recovery TrueFISP sequence allows for more reliable GFR quantification as a saturation recovery TurboFLASH technique.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 March 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6511, Medical Imaging 2007: Physiology, Function, and Structure from Medical Images, 65110L (29 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.709101
Show Author Affiliations
Andreas Boss, Eberhard Karls Univ., Tubingen (Germany)
Petros Martirosian, Eberhard Karls Univ., Tubingen (Germany)
Ferruh Artunc, Eberhard Karls Univ., Tubingen (Germany)
Teut Risler, Eberhard Karls Univ., Tubingen (Germany)
Claus D. Claussen, Eberhard Karls Univ., Tubingen (Germany)
Heinz-Peter Schlemmer, Eberhard Karls Univ., Tubingen (Germany)
Fritz Schick, Eberhard Karls Univ., Tubingen (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6511:
Medical Imaging 2007: Physiology, Function, and Structure from Medical Images
Armando Manduca; Xiaoping P. Hu, Editor(s)

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