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Proceedings Paper

False positive reduction for lung nodule CAD
Author(s): Luyin Zhao; Lilla Boroczky; Jeremy Drysdale; Lalitha Agnihotri; Michael C. Lee
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Paper Abstract

Computer-aided detection (CAD) algorithms 'automatically' identify lung nodules on thoracic multi-slice CT scans (MSCT) thereby providing physicians with a computer-generated 'second opinion'. While CAD systems can achieve high sensitivity, their limited specificity has hindered clinical acceptance. To overcome this problem, we propose a false positive reduction (FPR) system based on image processing and machine learning to reduce the number of false positive lung nodules identified by CAD algorithms and thereby improve system specificity. To discriminate between true and false nodules, twenty-three 3D features were calculated from each candidate nodule's volume of interest (VOI). A genetic algorithm (GA) and support vector machine (SVM) were then used to select an optimal subset of features from this pool of candidate features. Using this feature subset, we trained an SVM classifier to eliminate as many false positives as possible while retaining all the true nodules. To overcome the imbalanced nature of typical datasets (significantly more false positives than true positives), an intelligent data selection algorithm was designed and integrated into the machine learning framework, thus further improving the FPR rate. Three independent datasets were used to train and validate the system. Using two datasets for training and the third for validation, we achieved a 59.4% FPR rate while removing one true nodule on the validation datasets. In a second experiment, 75% of the cases were randomly selected from each of the three datasets and the remaining cases were used for validation. A similar FPR rate and true positive retention rate was achieved. Additional experiments showed that the GA feature selection process integrated with the proposed data selection algorithm outperforms the one without it by 5%-10% FPR rate. The methods proposed can be also applied to other application areas, such as computer-aided diagnosis of lung nodules.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6514, Medical Imaging 2007: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 65143F (30 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.708291
Show Author Affiliations
Luyin Zhao, Philips Research North America (United States)
Lilla Boroczky, Philips Research North America (United States)
Jeremy Drysdale, Philips Research North America (United States)
Lalitha Agnihotri, Philips Research North America (United States)
Michael C. Lee, Philips Research North America (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6514:
Medical Imaging 2007: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Maryellen L. Giger; Nico Karssemeijer, Editor(s)

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