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Proceedings Paper

Oral pathology diagnosis by means of micro-Raman spectroscopy on biopsies and blood serum
Author(s): F. Zenone; M. Lepore; G. Perna; P. Carmone; I. Delfino; G. M. Gaeta D.D.S.; V. Capozzi
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Paper Abstract

Pemphigus vulgaris is a chronic, autoimmune, blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes with a potentially fatal outcome. In this case micro-Raman spectroscopy (&mgr;-RS) can provide a powerful tool for a not invasive analysis of biological tissue for biopsy and in vivo investigation. Based on the evaluation of molecular vibration frequencies, the &mgr;-RS is able to detect the main molecular bonds of protein constituents, as the C-H and C-C ones. Changes in frequency or in the relative intensity of the vibration modes revealed by &mgr;-RS can be related to changes of chemical bond and of protein structure induced by pathology. Quantitative information on the intensity variation of specific Raman lines can be extracted by Partial Least Square (PLS) analysis. &mgr;-RS was performed on some samples of oral tissue and blood serum from informed patients affected by pemphigus vulgaris (an oral pathology) at different pathology stages. The spectra were measured by means of a Raman confocal microspectrometer apparatus using the 633 nm line of a He- Ne laser source. The main protein bonds are clearly detectable in the considered samples giving important information on the integrity and on the state of tissue and blood serum components (lipids and proteins), and consequently on the occurrence of pathology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2007
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6425, Lasers in Dentistry XIII, 64250V (8 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.708142
Show Author Affiliations
F. Zenone, Univ. Federico II Napoli (Italy)
M. Lepore, Seconda Univ. di Napoli (Italy)
G. Perna, Univ. di Foggia (Italy)
P. Carmone, Univ. di Foggia (Italy)
I. Delfino, Univ. della Tuscia (Italy)
G. M. Gaeta D.D.S., Seconda Univ. di Napoli (Italy)
V. Capozzi, Univ. di Foggia (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6425:
Lasers in Dentistry XIII
Peter Rechmann D.D.S.; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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